Interspecific hybrids

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M.R. Söndahl and H.A.M. van der Vossen

Interspecific hybridization has played a significant role in coffee, such as crosses between arabica and robusta coffee with the objective of introgressing disease resistance into arabica, e.g. the cultivars Icatu in Brazil (Carvalho, 1988) and S2828 in India (Srinivasan et al., 2000), or improved liquor quality into robusta coffee, such as the variety Arabusta in the Ivory Coast (Capot, 1972). Other examples of interspecific hybridization leading to successful robusta cultivars are Congusta in Indonesia and the CxR variety in India.


  • Carvalho A., Principles and practice of coffee plant breeding for productivity and quality factors: Coffea arabica. In R.J. Clarke and R. Macrae (eds), Coffee: Volume 4 – Agronomy. London: Elsevier Applied Science, 1988
  • Srinivasan C.S., Prakash N.S., Padma Jyothi D., Sureshkumar V.B. and Subbalakshmi V., Coffee cultivation in India. In T. Sera, C.R. Soccol, A. Pandey and S. Roussos (eds), Coffee Biotechnology and Quality, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000
  • Capot J., L'amélioration du caféier robusta en Côte d'Ivoire: Les hybrides Arabusta, Café Cacao Thé 16, 1972